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Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter

Standard Edition

A Weekly Summary of Events and Topics of Interest to Online Genealogists

Vol. 7 No. 51 – December 23, 2002

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Copyright© 2002 by Richard W. Eastman. All rights reserved.


- Happy Holidays
- (+) How Safe Are Your Old Documents?
- (+) Can You Copyright Your Data?
- RootsMagic for Windows
- 1906 Canadian Special Census Ordered Released
- Online Black Sheep and Police Indexes
- Incline Software Releases Ancestral Quest 2002
- GeneWeaver 1.1 Released
- Genealogy Classes in Massachusetts
- Oldest Bowling Ball in America
- Santa Considering Move to Linux

- Happy Holidays

To each reader of this newsletter, I would like to say, "Thank you for making my holiday season an enjoyable one with your support. I hope that you and your family all benefit from the joy of this season."

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- (+) How Safe Are Your Old Documents?

This article is restricted to subscribers to the Plus Edition of this newsletter. For information about subscribing to the Plus Edition, go to

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- (+) Can You Copyright Your Data?

This article is restricted to subscribers to the Plus Edition of this newsletter. For information about subscribing to the Plus Edition, go to

[Return to Table of Contents]

- RootsMagic for Windows

RootsMagic is a Windows genealogy program produced by FormalSoft that has been under development for some time. FormalSoft president Bruce Buzbee first displayed the program at the NGS conference last May. He cautioned that it was alpha code at that time and was incomplete. In August he appeared at the FGS conference and demonstrated the program again. This time the program had more features. Bruce said it was "late alpha code." Soon thereafter he released it to a select number of beta testers who helped Bruce stamp out some bugs and also offered their suggestions on how to refine the program further.

You can read my articles about RootsMagic at, and at

RootsMagic is still not available for purchase, but the release date is getting close. This week Bruce Buzbee offered to let me use a "late beta" version of the program. I jumped at the chance to put RootsMagic through its paces.

I will not describe the installation process as the beta version’s installation is different from what is expected in the released version. Nonetheless, I had no problem installing it and was in operation within 2 or 3 minutes.

When opening RootsMagic for the first time, I noticed the simplicity of the data entry screens. Everything seem obvious and intuitive to this experienced genealogist. I think it will be equally obvious to the genealogy newcomer. I doubt if many people will dive for the user’s manual or help files in this program!

Data is displayed on the screen in any of three formats: Main Pedigree View, Main Family View and Main Descendants View. Each view is obvious. You can see examples of these and several other screens at

Entering new data about a person is about as simple in RootsMagic as I have ever seen in any genealogy program. Enter a field, press TAB to get to the next field, and then enter its data. You do this for given name(s) and surname as well as places of birth, death, and burial. Once the basic information is entered, a second window pops up, offering a chance to enter a lot more (optional) information, including: an unlimited list of source facts (marriage, education, military record, honors earned), source citations where the information was found, and much more. You can see a screenshot of this details screen at

Unlike programs that are simpler "under the hood," RootsMagic has a true sources database. You can enter a source one time and then refer to it time and again as you add entries for different people. For instance, if you find a family Bible that contains entries about 50 different people, you can enter the information about the Bible one time and then make 50 references to the Bible, once in the record of each individual. The more simplistic genealogy programs would make you enter the same source citations 50 times. Likewise, you can later update the information about the one source, and your updates instantly appear in the records of 50 different people. Simpler programs would require you to make 50 updates.

RootsMagic allows you to open multiple genealogy databases at the same time and to even drag and drop people from one database to another. This feature is useful when you receive a GEDCOM file from a distant cousin: you can open your own database in one window and your cousin’s database in another. As you carefully examine your cousin’s claims, you can make a decision whether or not to accept your cousin’s information about each individual. If you agree with your cousin’s claims, you can "drag and drop" that person into your own database without the need to manually re-type all the information. Likewise, if you do not trust your cousin’s claims about the individual in question you may ignore the data about the individual in question.

RootsMagic has 60 predefined fact types, including birth, marriage, death, occupation, religion, and more. However, if you need still more, you can always create your own user-defined fact types. For instance, anyone with French-Canadian ancestry will probably want to create a fact type of "filles du roi," or King's Daughters. "Filles du roi" is not one of the 60 pre-defined ones included within RootsMagic, but the user can easily add it.

Note: Before you ask, let me explain that the filles du roi were young women of marriageable age and capable of bearing children who arrived in Quebec or Montreal between 1663 and 1673. The term translates as "daughters of the King." In this case, the young ladies’ transportation and settlement expenses, as well as the dowry for some of them, were paid by the French royal treasury instead of by the young lady’s parents as was customary in those days. Therefore, they were popularly referred to as the King’s daughters.

I continued to experiment with RootsMagic for a couple of hours and found that it was a pleasure to use. To be blunt, I didn’t find anything in the program that I haven’t found in other programs. However, the program interface was one of the easiest of any genealogy program I have used in the past. Features that are sometimes hidden or obscure in other programs seemed to be easy to find in RootsMagic.

RootsMagic also has all the standard reports one expects in modern genealogy programs, including:

  • Pedigree Charts (standard and cascading)
  • Family Group Sheets
  • Narrative reports (modified register, indented descendancy, Henry descendancy, D'Aboville descendancy, and ancestor)
  • Individual summary prints everything you know about a person
  • Calendars with birthdays and anniversaries
  • Custom report designer
  • Relationship chart shows exactly how two people are related
  • Scrapbook of pictures for people, families, sources, and places
  • Blank pedigree charts, family group sheets, research logs, correspondence logs, and cemetery records forms
  • Address labels for mailings
  • Dozens of lists

Be aware, however, the wall charts are not in this beta and also will not be in release 1.0. Bruce told me that he will be adding the wall reports at a later date.

Some of the other features that I found in RootsMagic include:

  • A full multimedia scrapbook capability that allows for the attachment of photographs, sound clips, video clips, and documents to any person, family, place, source, or event
  • The user can scan photos directly into RootsMagic
  • A photo editor that lets you adjust sharpness, brightness, and contrast, as well as crop, rotate, and zoom images
  • The ability to include photos in your books, group sheets, and other printouts
  • Automatically create a website including photos, notes, sources, index, surname list, GEDCOM file, email, etc
  • Six types of websites: pedigree charts, group sheets, combo pedigree chart / group sheet, descendant narrative, ancestor narrative, alphabetical narrative
  • Add your own links to your home page
  • "Privatize" living persons in your website
  • Automatically check for updates to your software
  • Family Reunion Planner
  • Correspondence Log lets you keep track of all your incoming and outgoing correspondence
  • Bookmark any individuals in your database
  • Spell Checker checks the current notes, or all notes.
  • Global search and replace for notes, sources, names, places, etc.
  • Counts the number of separate trees in your database.
  • "To do" list lets you keep track of research you still need to do for any person or family
  • Date calculator
  • Relationship calculator shows you the relationship between any two people
  • Soundex calculator (including alternate methods)
  • Powerful merge capabilities, including SmartMerge and ShareMerge
  • Search by name, record number, dates, places, notes, and many other types of data

In short, version 1.0 of RootsMagic seems to be far more complete than version 1.0 of almost any other genealogy program I can remember. The only significant omission is the exclusion of wall-sized charts, and Bruce promises to start working on that as soon as version 1.0 gets out the door. Then again, version 1.0 of other genealogy programs rarely included all the reports in RootsMagic, not to mention wall charts!

I was using a beta version of RootsMagic, so I naturally expected to find a few software problems. Beta software typically locks up, crashes, or has other software abnormalities. After all, that is the purpose of a beta test: find the problems and fix them! In the several hours that I used RootsMagic I did not encounter a single problem. I’d say this software is close to release.

Although RootsMagic is scheduled to ship in January, potential customers may purchase gift certificates now for those who want to give it as a Christmas gift. These gift certificates are available at the introductory price of $19.95 plus shipping/handling (the price of RootsMagic will be $34.95 after February 28th, 2003). The shipping charge covers shipping of both the certificate (now) and the program itself (in January). While being offered as Christmas gift, I don’t think anyone would object if you listed yourself as the recipient of this "gift."

All in all, RootsMagic is a winner. It is a very powerful genealogy program with all the features found in most competitive programs, plus it is very easy to use and has a modest price. I’d say that Bruce Buzbee has a winner with RootsMagic. I suspect that I will be recommending it to many people.

For more information about RootsMagic, or to order the gift certificate now, go to

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- 1906 Canadian Special Census Ordered Released

Genealogists, historians, and social historians have been thwarted in their attempts to view the 1906 Canadian special census. Others want to keep the records sealed, claiming privacy concerns. Even two top government officials are at odds. National archivist Ian Wilson wants the files opened, while chief statistician Ivan Fellegi does not. Liberal Senator (and avid genealogist) Lorna Milne also is involved, but the records are still locked at this time.

The 1906 census is particularly valuable because the data includes the names, ages, and addresses of all residents in the Prairie provinces, their marital status, country of origin, year of immigration to Canada, and the number of livestock -- "milch cows, other horned or meat cattle," etc. -- at each farm. Earlier census records did not collect those details.

This past week, after "a thorough and fair hearing," Information Commissioner John Reid called on Statistics Canada to release the material in its entirety. "I have not been convinced," he informed Statistics Canada about his pending ruling, "that access to these records can be refused lawfully." Mr. Reid also noted that the 1906 census was meant to be a permanent record of the National Archives of Canada and thus available for future consultation. "That, in my view," he unequivocally stated, "is what Parliament intended."

Compliance with Mr. Reid’s directive is not automatic, however. Click here to read more about this developing story.

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- Online Black Sheep and Police Indexes

All of your ancestors were fine, upstanding citizens, right? They were all pillars of society, regular churchgoers who never did anything wrong, right? Well, certainly not in MY family tree!

Seriously, I doubt if that is true of anyone’s ancestry. We all have a few "black sheep" on the various limbs of the family tree, and I would suggest that we should seek them out. After all, they are the most interesting ancestors that we have!

A new online Web site in England lists more than 125,000 names of policemen and criminals taken from U.K. newspaper reports for the years 1850-1920.

Names are divided into two indexes: The Black Sheep Index and the Police Index.

OK, so the Police Index apparently lists the "good guys" while the Black Sheep Index lists the "bad guys." The Black Sheep Index sounded much more interesting, so I decided to check that one out first.

The Black sheep Index is an index of victims and villains (and some heroes, too) from press reports of court cases and inquests 1850-1900, including doctors or surgeons who gave evidence or attended cases. The court cases include murder, suicide, assault, accident, divorce, disaster, bankruptcy, fraud, probate, cruelty, and theft.

Each record in the database lists names and years, together with other details such as first name, age, occupation/relationship, and address. Many of the larger reports give statements by relatives and neighbors of the person concerned. Multiple entries for the same person/year usually indicate an ongoing case or two sources for a report. However, husbands and wives are often listed separately to aid identification. The Web site warns, "When checking for names, remember that details were often recorded by a tipsy court reporter and then typeset from his illegible shorthand by an equally tipsy compositor!"

Only the listed names are available. The records in this database do not include the details of the court case. Once you find a potential ancestor listed in the free online database, you will need to obtain the transcript of the case. This Web site makes its money on the sale of transcripts: two reports cost £10 (about $15.00 in U.S. funds), while three reports sell for £15, four reports for £20, five reports for £25, and six reports for £30. Those who are fortunate (?) enough to have ancestors listed more than six times in court reports may obtain discounts.

If you are researching U.K. ancestry between 1850 and 1900, you may want to add the Black Sheep & Police Indexes Web site to your online genealogy toolkit. For more details, look at:

My thanks to Mark Andrew Davis for telling me about this online resource.

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- Incline Software Releases Ancestral Quest 2002

The following is a press release from Incline Software:

Salt Lake City, UT --Incline Software, LC, producer of Ancestral Quest™ (AQ), a leading personal genealogy records management software, announced today the release of version 2002 of its software. This unparalleled new release makes genealogy record keeping easier and more efficient than ever, with a long list of new features and enhancements (see below), including our exclusive and revolutionary team coordination support we call collaboration. With AQ 2002, you can now work together with other researchers -- anywhere in the world -- on the same project, using the same database, over the Internet in real-time!

Ancestry Family Tree (AFT) users can also benefit from this new version of Ancestral Quest, as it directly works with .aft files created by AFT.

The Exclusive New Collaboration Feature

Collaboration is the name for Ancestral Quest 2002's exclusive new team coordination feature . Using collaboration, a user can upload his/her family database(s) onto a private Internet server, establish a team (by granting rights to others) to update or view this data, and allow the other team members to then work with him/her on this file or to simply view the data (without rights to modify it). The users' data is private -- only team members can view this data. Teams can consist of research associates, relatives, or professional researchers and their clients. They can be located anywhere in the world, and by using this feature, can coordinate their efforts on a single, master family database.

Members of a collaboration team who only need to view the data can download the free unregistered version of AQ 2002 to use as a viewer.

The Collaboration feature inherently provides an off site backup. Even users not needing to coordinate research efforts can use this feature to store an off-site copy of their data on the collaboration server.

Other Features

The list of other features new to version 2002 is impressive:

    • Research Manager tracks and organizes your research efforts and lets you automatically generate sources and citations from completed To Do items
    • An improved Documentation Center that streamlines the critical task of documenting notes and sources
    • Fan Charts. Full, half or quarter circles, with several options including documented charts -- prints up to 13 generations and up to 36" x 36" output
    • Global Search and Replace of notes, names, dates and places
    • Spell Checking
    • Unlimited notes
    • Research Log report
    • Documented Pedigree Charts
    • Printing source images on reports
    • Enhanced Search Center provides better ways to locate individuals and marriages from anywhere in the software
    • Name List view -- work from a list of individuals sorted by name, RIN, date or place
    • Merge sources and repositories
    • Show pictures next to the name on web pages
    • Include siblings on Ancestry charts and ancestral book reports
    • Quick entry of names and places
    • Print most reports to file -- lets you include the chart in a larger work or send a copy via e-mail to an associate
    • Page of Testimony. This feature was introduced in a special Jewish edition of AQ 3.0, and is now made available in the main version. This features allows those with any information on Holocaust victims to record information about those victims, and submit a testimonial page to authorities in Jerusalem
    • Customize the Individual Edit screen
    • Bookmark Individuals
    • Print a line of descent from a common ancestor
    • Add documents to scrapbook collections
    • Export scrapbook collections to a GEDCOM file -- the easiest way to share your entire family history with others.
    • Create a master source for a GEDCOM import
    • Sorted Place list
    • Not a Problem – flag records to exclude from the Possible Problem list
    • Print lists of sources
    • Print all citations of a source
    • Print a list of scrapbook items, sorted to taste
    • Print odd/even pages
    • And many more -- see for a more complete list
    • LDS Enhancements
    • PAF 5.x support -- directly view PAF 5 data in AQ 2002 and take advantage of AQ’s additional reporting, web generation, and GEDCOM export options with your PAF 5 data file
    • TempleReady updates – update LDS ordinance information in your family file directly from data generated by TempleReady
    • According to Gaylon Findlay, president of Incline Software, LC, "This new version of Ancestral Quest provides users with wonderful new and enhanced tools for working with and recording their family history. The new collaboration feature provides a unique and important tool for making team research a reality. By using the Internet as the vehicle, team members can coordinate from anywhere in the world."

This new version of Ancestral Quest has a suggested retail price of $39.95, but is available for a limited time for $29.95 to new users, and for the upgrade price of $19.95 for current users of AQ. It can be purchased online from, or by calling Incline Software at 1-800-825-8864 (or 1-801-280-4434). You can download the unregistered version for free and give it a try.

Incline Software™ developed Ancestral Quest in 1994, and has been enhancing it ever since. AQ is a powerful yet extremely easy to use, full-featured genealogy records manager. Its reporting capabilities are excellent, and it uses unique, advanced technologies to enable accurate source documentation. AQ has industry leading scrapbooking capabilities that allow users to preserve their precious photos, video clips, and audio clips for posterity, keeping the memory of ancestors alive for generations to come. AQ can also generate a web page with not only the data, but the scrapbook items as well, so this information can be easily shared with family across the world on the Internet.

To find out more about Ancestral Quest or Incline Software, visit the web site

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- GeneWeaver 1.1 Released

The following is a press release from Genes & Things, Inc.:

Plymouth, MI, December 20, 2002—Genes & Things, Inc., a Michigan corporation, is proud to announce the release of version 1.1 of its product GeneWeaver, a genealogy-based family health history computer software program. GeneWeaver was created by professional genealogists for use by genealogists, health care professionals, and anyone who is concerned about family health issues or who is unsure of how to go about creating a family health history and medical genogram. Version 1.1 will begin shipping in early January. Registered users of version 1.0 will automatically receive a free upgrade CD. Version 1.1 is also downloadable from here, but beware that the file is 25 MB and that you need a serial number in order to install the program.

Version 1.1 of GeneWeaver adds more functionality to the program, fixes the bugs encountered in the first release, and adds an additional, important report called the Individual Health History. This report allows users to print all of the information input on an individual, a useful tool for sharing with health care providers. Added functionality includes:

    • Age at death is calculated during a GEDCOM import and is calculated automatically when a birth and death date are entered for an individual.

    • Sources can now be added to each item documented for an individual. In version 1.0, sources were imported with the GEDCOM import, but they were not viewable. These sources are now viewable and editable.

    • Users are now prompted to archive their databases when exiting the program.

    • Program works under Windows XP, which was released after beta testing for version 1.0 had completed.

The American Medical Association recommends every family maintain a family health history. A family can learn much about its future by examining its past since genetic factors are known to underlie all aspects of health and disease. GeneWeaver can assist in providing health care workers with the background information they need to give individuals and families appropriate preventive health care, diagnosis, and medical treatment.

GeneWeaver, a Windows based program, has the ability to generate the following printable charts/tables:

    • A medical genogram

    • A medical pedigree chart

    • An individual health history report (new in version 1.1)

    • A blank four-page health questionnaire

    • A bibliography of family health history and genetics publications

    • A checklist of health information resources

GeneWeaver is easy to use and understand with a Web browser look and feel. The program allows the user to input family information using either a GEDCOM import or manual entry. The health wizard facilitates the entry of medical information into predetermined fields using a health history questionnaire. The user is able to select an illness from a modern medical terms list or find the meaning of an obscure term in the outdated medical terms list in Help. Multiple databases can be created. The 102-page GeneWeaver manual (hardcopy and included in online Help), written in everyday language, educates the user about the family health history concept and discusses how and where to find health and medical information. An extensive list of medical and health record sources is provided. Free technical support is available to registered users either online or through corporate offices.

The health history, medical pedigree, and/or medical genogram reports generated by using GeneWeaver can be invaluable during stressful emergencies when important information is easily forgotten, when sick patients are too ill to remember, and when family members are too overwhelmed or stressed to give accurate data. In addition, health information gathered into GeneWeaver can allow the user to take a proactive role in health care by following good preventive health care, watching for early warning signs of illness with regular monitoring tests, making informed life choices, and helping future generations take full advantage of new medical discoveries.

Genes & Things, Inc. was established in 1999 by well-known professional genealogists Norma Storrs Keating, RN, BSN, and Elizabeth Kelley Kerstens, CGRS, CGL. Keating has 29 years of experience in genealogical research and is the owner and CEO of Your Family Connection, in Yorba Linda, CA. Her lecture presentation entitled "Putting the Gene Back in Genealogy" was developed after in-depth research into the topics of family health histories, genograms, genetics, The Human Genome Project, and inherited traits. Kerstens has 24 years of experience in genealogical research and public relations. She is owner and CEO of Ancestor Detective, LLC, in Plymouth, MI. She is the creator of the software program Clooz®- an electronic filing cabinet for genealogical records, the managing editor of’s Genealogical Computing magazine, and a frequent contributor to Ancestry magazine.

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- Genealogy Classes in Massachusetts

The National Archives-Northeast Region in Waltham, Massachusetts is offering 12 genealogical workshops during the winter of 2003. The workshops are introductory level, except as indicated. Participants will learn what they need to know in order to locate a record as well as what one might expect to find in the record.

The workshops will be offered at the Regional Archives building, located at 380 Trapelo Road in Waltham, MA according to the following schedule. Workshops marked with an asterisk (*) are followed by an optional behind the scenes tour of the archives.

January 7, 2:00 PM* Census, Naturalization, & Passenger Lists

January 16, 6:30 PM Census I, 1790 - 1870

January 21, 2:00 PM* The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly in Electronic Resources

January 30, 6:30 PM Census II, 1880 - 1920

February 4, 2:00 PM* Naturalization and Passenger Arrival Records (Intermediate)

February 13, 6:30 PM Records Relating to African-American Research (All levels)

February 18, 2:00 PM* Records Relating to African-American Research (All levels)

February 27, 6:30 PM Census, Naturalization, & Passenger Lists

March 4, 2:00 PM* Census III, 1930

March 13, 6:30 PM Documenting Our Mothers (All levels)

March 18, 2:00 PM* Documenting Our Mothers (All levels)

March 27, 6:30 PM Census, Naturalization, & Passenger Lists

Workshop and tour space is limited to 20 participants. Call (866) 406-2379 to register and for more details. There is no fee.

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- Oldest Bowling Ball in America

Boston’s "Big Dig" is an example of urban upheaval in many ways. For urban archaeologists, the Big Dig granted a wish: to dig deeper and wider than ever before. The $14.5-billion project is moving a huge portion of Boston's clogged highway system underground, carving 16 million cubic yards of dirt out of holes 120 feet deep. This dirt comes from neighborhoods that have been occupied for up to 370 years. Such a project provides a gold mine for archaeologists who now have a better understanding than ever of our ancestors’ lives. The archaeologists and historians are finding thousands of everyday objects used by residents of colonial Boston. These common household objects typically were not preserved and passed down to later generations. The Big Dig provides new insights not previously available. The ironic twist is that the richest sources of information come from Colonial privies.

People used to use their privy as a garbage can because they didn't have garbage pick up the way we do today. Using old city records and maps, historians have pinpointed the exact location of almost every colonial homeowner. One of the biggest finds was from the outhouse of Katherine Nanny Naylor, a wealthy single mother, survivor of an abusive second husband, and a divorcée -- an uncommon status in the strict Puritan culture of the period. Naylor also was the daughter of Reverend John Wheelwright, a prominent Boston minister who was banished from the city for supporting the religiously radical Anne Hutchinson. All of the garbage in Naylor’s privy was perfectly preserved because it was under the water table and capped with clay, which sealed off the air and prevented decomposition.

Archaeologists have sketched a picture of material comfort for Naylor and her six children, even pleasant recreation, using remains of silk, leather shoes, glassware, fancy eating utensils, and the oldest lawn-bowling ball in North America. The bowling ball is significant because bowling had been outlawed by the Boston Puritans in 1650.

Beside these artifacts lay reminders of emotional wreckage: shards of ceramic pottery--the same types that Naylor's second husband hurled at her in fits of rage. Breaking a number of social taboos, she secured a divorce, and her husband was banished from Boston.

You can read a lot more about the archaeological finds of our ancestors unearthed by the Big Dig project at, on the History Channel and at

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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- Santa Considering Move to Linux

Icy Negotiations May Lead to Penguins Inhabiting North Pole

North Pole - Citing concerns about security and licensing costs, Santa Claus is considering migrating his computer systems from Microsoft Windows to Linux.

With several thousand computers and the largest database in the world, Santa's Workshop is one of the largest and most important clients for Microsoft. It is expected that the software maker will do whatever it takes to keep Claus in their corner.

"If some naughty kid was able to break into my systems and change his status to nice, then the whole integrity of the Claus empire would be called into question," said Kringle. "I also have to watch out for the Easter Bunny. He's always trying to muscle in on my territory. If he were able to compromise my database and get access to my client list, then we might be celebrating Christmas in April."

The full story may be found at:

To discuss this story further, please visit the newsletter message board at and click on "Message Board."

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In each issue, I try to offer you useful, interesting and sometimes amusing information to help you with your genealogy efforts. Can you take a minute to help me out in return? If you think this newsletter is a worthwhile read, please tell your friends. Better yet, suggest they can read the Standard Edition or subscribe to the Plus Edition at


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Many of the articles published in these newsletters contain quotes or references from others, especially from other Web sites, software user’s manuals, press releases and other public announcements. Any words in this newsletter attributed to another person or organization remain the copyrighted materials of the original author(s).

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Also, please include the following statement with any articles you re-distribute:

The following article is from Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright 2002 by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author. Information about the newsletter is available at

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Dick Eastman is a frequent presenter at major genealogy conferences. He has published articles in Genealogical Computing and Family Chronicle magazines and for a number of Web sites. He was an advisor to PBS' Ancestry series and appeared as a guest in one of the episodes. He serves on the Advisory Board of the New England Historic Genealogical Society and is a past Director of GENTECH and of the New England Computer Genealogists. Dick is the author of YOUR ROOTS: Total Genealogy Planning On Your Computer published by Ziff-Davis Press. He also manages three Genealogy Forums on CompuServe. He can be reached at: Due to the volume of e-mail received, he is unable to answer every e-mail message received.

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