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Eastman's Online Genealogy Newsletter

Standard Edition

A Weekly Summary of Events and Topics of Interest to Online Genealogists

Vol. 9 No. 24 – June 14, 2004

The Plus Edition newsletter is also available on the Web, thereby avoiding e-mail spam filters. If you would like to read the Plus Edition on the Web, please contact to obtain a user ID and password.

This newsletter relies solely upon "word of mouse" advertising. If you enjoy reading these articles, please tell others to go to

Some of the articles in this Plus Edition newsletter are restricted to your personal use.

Search previous issues of Standard Edition newsletters at:

Plus Edition subscribers may gain access to a reserved section of the Discussion Board. Details are available at

All opinions expressed in this document are those of Dick Eastman and his alone, unless otherwise attributed. None of his statements are to be interpreted as endorsements by his employer, by the other authors or by advertisers.

Copyright© 2004 by Richard W. Eastman. All rights reserved.


- Blogs Explained
- This Newsletter's Blog
- BlogLines
- Ronald Reagan's Ancestry
- World War II Enlistment Records Available Online
- 19th Century British News Going Online
- English-Scottish Borders People May Be Descended from Africans
- (+) Northernmost Battle of the U.S. Civil War
- Vermont History Expo 2004
- Gateway to Vermont
- FGS Conference in Austin
- Find IGI Entries by German Town
- Plantagenet Ancestry
- The National Archivist
- Terrorism in U.S. Did Not Start in 2001

Items marked with a Plus Sign (+) appear only in the Plus Edition newsletter.

If it's green, it's biology. If it stinks, it's chemistry. If it has numbers, it's math. If it doesn't work, it's technology.

- Blogs Explained

The word "blog" sounds like one of those "techie words" that describes some black magic understood only by programmers, systems analysts, and others who regularly invoke incantations not understood by mere mortals. In fact, blogs are actually very simple, perhaps even simpler than the Web page or e-mail message that you are now viewing at this moment. You can read blogs easily, even without a technical understanding of the underlying technology. The purpose of this article is to help de-mystify the word "blog."

Blog is short for "web log." defines a blog as "a web page made up of usually short, frequently updated posts that are arranged chronologically - like a what's new page or a journal. They contain information related to a specific topic." Does that sound familiar? Yes, this newsletter has been a Web log, or blog, for more than eight years!

In some cases blogs are used as daily diaries about people's personal lives, political views, or even as social commentaries. In other cases, a blog is an e-newsletter. The truth of the matter is that blogs can be shaped into whatever the author wants them to be.

The roots of blogging can be traced back to the mid 1990s although they did not really take hold until 1999. The original "weblogs" were personal commentaries full of links to other Web sites. Today, however, blogs have evolved into news sites and other Web content.

Blogs come in several formats. They can be written as normal HTML pages like any other Web page. In fact, this newsletter has been a blog in HTML for years. However, in the past few years, specialized software has been developed which simplifies creation of blogs and also allows easy "syndication" (republishing of articles elsewhere). You may not recognize the names of the tools, but then again, you don’t need to know much about them, not even if you want to create a blog of your own. You may see programming terms like XML, RSS, RDF or Atom bantered about, but as a user, all you need to do is open a Web browser.

Most blogs will let you read their documents either as text in a standard Web browser or by using special "newsreader" programs. Newsreaders take the best of two worlds – Web ease and email familiarity – letting you read the news you want simply and quickly. In most cases, the newsreader will download new blog items the same way your email program downloads new messages; you can then read your blogs offline at your leisure, something that dial-up users will especially appreciate. Unlike e-mail programs, however, these readers are not subject to spam messages or spam filters since they do not use mail servers. Also, even though the blogs are a kind of Web page, newsreaders let you choose the information you want to read; you are never bothered with unwanted advertising intrusions from third parties, pop-up windows you never asked for, or mazes of Web pages that make you forget where you started.

There many newsreader programs available today for Windows, Macintosh, and Linux systems. Many newsreaders are available free of charge. Some come bundled in with other software; for example, Opera, a free Web browser and e-mail program for Windows and Linux, already has a built-in blog XML reader. I have read reports that the next release of Microsoft’s Outlook and Outlook Express also will include XML newsreader capabilities. Finally, there is even an online blog reader, which I will describe later in this newsletter.

A free XML newsreader for Windows that I have been using lately is called SharpReader. This is a Windows program with a user-interface that looks like a combination of a web-browser and an email program. Like a browser, it has an address bar at the top that allows you to view a blog without forcing you to first subscribe to it. Like an e-mail program, it has a familiar three-pane user-interface. The pane on the left lists the blogs you subscribe to instead of the mailbox folders you have for your email. Instead of a list of new messages at the top-right, you see a list of item-headlines in the currently selected blog. Lastly, item-contents fill the bottom right pane where your email program would display a message. Also like an e-mail program, it periodically checks for new articles. But the best part of all is that, unlike an email program, you don’t get bombarded with spam. I find this program very simple to use. SharpReader is available free of charge. Information about SharpReader is available at

Most blog newsreaders also allow you to look at several news sites that are publishing in XML now. It’s hard to imagine the speed and ease of displaying exactly what you want, but people who try out a newsreader seem pleased and even relieved with its simplicity. It only takes a mouse click from the list on the left to quickly move between this newsletter, world news, stock market info, and your favorite comic strip, all in one application that is as easy to use as your present e-mail program.

Blogs are becoming popular among genealogists, both for news and for keeping journals of research activities. They obviously work well for newsletters. Family societies are discovering that blogs are also excellent methods of coordinating research among several members. There are a number of genealogy blogs available today, including:

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- This Newsletter's Blog

I am experimenting with a new delivery method for this newsletter. I would like to invite you to help test it and offer your comments and suggestions.


Delivering an e-newsletter via e-mail is becoming a very frustrating experience these days. Two years ago I could send lengthy e-mails containing the newsletters, and 99.9% of them would be delivered to the addressees. Sadly, that is no longer true in the year 2004. The reason is simple: spam.

Two years ago, spam mail was simply an annoyance. Since then, spam mail has mushroomed into a huge problem for people who maintain e-mail servers. I have seen estimates now that 80% or more of all e-mail sent is spam, or "unsolicited commercial e-mail" (UCE). Thousands of mail servers around the world have crashed because of the unplanned load that spam mail placed upon them.

Out of self-defense, almost all mail server administrators have installed some sort of filtering software in an attempt to identify and delete unwanted junk mail. Unfortunately, many of these mail filters also delete wanted e-mails, such as this newsletter. Several genealogy e-newsletters plus Harvard University, the New York Times, several stock market newsletters, the Disney Corporation, Yahoo, Macromedia, Amazon, and many others have reported similar difficulties with their e-publications.

In one controlled experiment, e-mail expert Fred Langa sent 10,000 e-newsletters to subscribers who had volunteered to participate in the test. Langa wrote a lengthy newsletter and used several "sensitive words" and phrases. The result? 40% of the newsletter messages were never delivered. You can read more about this experiment at

Possible Solutions

So how can this problem be corrected? Luckily, there are two possible solutions.

First of all, it is easy to move the newsletter to the Web. In fact, I have done that. The Standard Edition of this newsletter has always been available online at, and a few months ago I started placing the Plus Edition online as well. Publishing on a Web page avoids the spam filter problems, but it is less convenient for many readers. Instead of having each newsletter arrive automatically in e-mail, the subscriber has to remember to go online and read the newsletter on the Web site. I find that it is easy to forget such things.

The second solution is one that I like better: publish the newsletter as a blog, using XML data format. In this manner, it can be read by anyone using either a regular Web browser or one of the newsreader programs described in the previous article. Anyone who is willing to take a few minutes to install a blog newsreader will find that reading this and other blogs is as easy and convenient as reading e-mail: the newsletter articles will arrive automatically as long as the blog reader is running. In other words, it works in a similar fashion to e-mail. Even better, a blog is not subject to spam filters since it does not use any mail servers.

The Beta Test

As an experiment, I am now publishing the Standard Edition of this newsletter as a Web Log, or blog. It can be read with any Web browser, such as Internet Explorer, Netscape, Opera, or Safari. It can also be read with any XML/Atom-compatible newsreader, which gives the reader the advantages of speed and convenience described earlier.

I will try side-by-side publishing of both the e-mail version and the new blog version of this newsletter for a few weeks. I may switch to another brand of blog software, depending upon how the first tests progress. If the experiment is successful, I will probably replace the current online HTML version of the Standard Edition newsletter with the blog version. Remember that you will always be able to read it with any standard Web browser; you do not need any "special program" at all. If you wish, you may use a special newsreader program to add convenience.

Assuming that everything goes as planned, I will also convert the Plus Edition of the newsletter to a blog format in the near future.

If you would like to help test the new experiment and offer comments or suggestions, use any standard Web browser and go to (that address will probably change sometime in the future). Macintosh users are especially invited to join the beta test effort. If you also have an Atom/XML-capable reader, please feel free to use that also. Point it to However, use of specialized blog-reading software is not required. Your normal Web browser will suffice.

Please note that the new blog-format articles have a comments feature: after reading an article, you can immediately add your comments, criticisms, suggestions, or corrections online in a place for everyone to see. The comments section may replace this newsletter's Discussion Board. Please use the online comments for all beta test feedback.

As with all beta tests, things may change at any time. The results may or may not be moved into production. After all, that is the purpose of a beta test.

Thank you for your assistance.

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- BlogLines

While Web logs, or blogs," typically are available in a Web browser, many people prefer to use specialized newsreader programs. I have been using SharpReader, a free blog newsreader for Windows, and I am quite happy with it. However, some readers of this newsletter may prefer to use a specialized Web service.

Bloglines is a free online service that makes it easy to keep up with your favorite blogs and newsfeeds. With Bloglines, you can subscribe to the RSS feeds of your favorite blogs, and Bloglines will monitor updates to those sites. You can read the latest entries easily within Bloglines. All you need to do is use your normal Web browser and go to and then log in.

Unlike other aggregators that require you to download and install software, Bloglines runs on standard Web servers and requires no installation. Because your Bloglines account is accessible through a Web browser, you can access your account from any Internet-connected machine. You can access BlogLines from home, the office, a library or school, or an Internet café. This is an excellent method of keeping up to date with your favorite blogs when traveling. It works well for those who prefer to not install software on their computers. It is also a good way for the newcomer to start looking at with blogs.

Since it is Web-based, BlogLines works with Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and other operating systems. Best of all, BlogLines is free of charge. Registration is also simple. You can also cancel at any time. At this time there is no advertising on BlogLines, but the company does say that text advertising and additional fee-based services will be launched in the near future.

BlogLines is available at

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Ronald Reagan's Ancestry

The United States lost a remarkable leader this week with the passing of Ronald Reagan. He was a "man of the people." Unlike many U.S. Presidents, Reagan came from humble beginnings. His ancestors were working class people from Ireland, England, and Illinois.

Twenty years ago Ronald Reagan visited his ancestral home town. In June 1984, Reagan visited Ballyporeen, Ireland, to see documents that proved his great-grandfather, Michael Regan, had been born in a small hamlet in County Tipperary.

You can find Ronald Reagan's ancestry at:

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- World War II Enlistment Records Available Online

The following is a press release from the U.S. National Archives and Archives and Records Administration:

National Archives Makes World War II Enlistment Records Available Online

College Park, MD... World War II enlistment records for over nine million Army soldiers are now available online, the National Archives and Archives and Records Administration (NARA) announced today. The records are in the World War II Electronic Army Serial Number Merged File available through the Access to Archival Database (AAD) section on NARA's web site ( AAD is the first publicly accessible application developed under the auspices of NARA's Electronic Records Archives (ERA) Program.

The National Archives scanned War Department microfilmed punch cards on enlistments to support the reconstruction of the military personnel records at its National Personnel Records Center. Because of the age of the microfilm, approximately 1.5 million records could not be scanned. Scanning problems also created some errors in the digital records that present unique searching challenges. To help minimize these problems, NARA staff developed a set of Frequently Asked Questions especially for the Army Serial Number File. Despite these challenges, information about a majority of sixteen million World War II servicemen and women is available via the web site. Each record may have the enlistee's serial number and name, state and county of residence, place of enlistment, date of enlistment, grade, branch, term of enlistment, place of birth, year of birth, race, education, civilian occupation, marital status, and component. Because the records are for Army enlistments during World War II, the file does not include records for Army officers, members of other services or enlistments for other time periods. However, it does contain information on more than 130,000 women who enlisted in the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps.

This is the latest of the "born digital" data records related to World War II that the National Archives preserves in a contemporary digital format and makes available through its Access to Archival Databases online resource. The Japanese-American Internee File, 1942 - 1946, has records with personal descriptive data about nearly 110,000 Japanese-Americans whom the War Relocation Authority placed in relocation centers. Another file is the World War II Prisoners of War File, ca. 1942 - ca. 1947, that identifies 143,000 U.S. military officers and soldiers and American and Allied civilians who were prisoners of war and internees. Finally, the Records of Duty Locations for Naval Intelligence Personnel, 1942 - 1945, contain limited data about the military intelligence personnel attached to Naval Group China during World War II.

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- 19th Century British News Going Online

The BBC reports that approximately a million news stories from the 19th century are going online. The project will cost roughly £2 million ($3.6 million US Dollars) and will include 100 years of news and images from publications that are no longer copyright protected. At the moment, anyone wanting to look at the texts needs to visit the Newspaper Library in Colindale, North London.

You can read the complete BBC story at:

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- English-Scottish Borders People May Be Descended from Africans

We all tend to make certain assumptions about race when reading about history or researching ancestors. Many of us think of international travel as a relatively recent phenomenon of the past few centuries. However, that is not true. In fact, mankind has been roaming around the globe apparently since the beginning of the species.

David Derbyshire wrote an interesting article that appears in the 11 June 2004 edition of The Daily Telegraph. Derbyshire points out that the Romans maintained a colony of African soldiers in England nearly 2,000 years ago. These soldiers patrolled Hadrian's Wall. Archaeologists say there is compelling evidence that a 500-strong unit of Moors manned a fort near Carlisle in the third century AD.

Archaeologists believe that these Africans settled in the area and raised families. Richard Benjamin, an archaeologist at Liverpool University who has studied the history of black Britons, is calling for a major study of black Roman Britons. He believes that DNA tests of locals could reveal genetic links with modern-day North Africans, while skeletons of Romans found in the area might contain telltale clues to their origins.

You can read the entire story at The Daily Telegraph's Web site at

My thanks to Frank Mitchell for telling me about this news story.

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- (+) Northernmost Battle of the U.S. Civil War

The following is "preview" of a Plus Edition-only article:

Here is a trivia question for U.S. Civil War buffs: where was the northernmost battle of the war fought?

Many people might guess that it was in Pennsylvania. If so, they would be off by several hundred miles.

The preceding is a "preview" of a Plus Edition article. You can subscribe at

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Vermont History Expo 2004

If you have an opportunity to be in Vermont on June 26 or 27, I suggest that you visit the Vermont History Expo 2004. Anyone with an interest in history (that includes almost all genealogists) will find it interesting. Anyone with Vermont ancestry will find this expo to be fascinating as it provides an excellent glimpse of how your ancestors lived and the events that shaped their lives. I attended the Vermont History Expo 2003 last year and loved it.

This year's Expo will feature exhibits by 106 local historical societies, several genealogy societies, performances, historical presentations, and historic preservation demonstrations. A genealogy resources and archives center will be in operation, as well as living history encampments and much, much more. Participants in the Genealogy Resources and Archives Center include genealogical organizations, heritage societies, and archival repositories.

The Vermont History Expo 2004 is being held on June 26-27, from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. each day, at the Tunbridge World's Fair Grounds, Tunbridge, Vermont. This location is about a three hour drive from Boston and about five hours from New York City.

Daily admission to the Expo is $7 for adults and $4 for children and students (6-18 years). Children age 5 years and under are admitted free. For visitors in period dress, admission is half price on Saturday, June 26.

For more information about the Vermont History Expo 2004, go to

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Gateway to Vermont

Speaking of the state of Vermont, the Gateway to Vermont website is an excellent resource for anyone with ancestors in that state. The site contains sections for Vermont history, Vermont counties, photographic images, cemeteries listings, business directories, and a variety of other records.

Under Vermont History, you will find links to various topics that include accounts relating to the Battle of Bennington, the building of the Hazen Military Road and much, much more. In Vermont Counties, you will find selections describing the various counties and their respective towns.

Of special interest to genealogists, the Hall of Records includes records of births, marriages, deaths, burials, and transcriptions of pensions and deeds, as well as poorhouse, court, and church records. Many of the vital records have been transcribed from town reports. The poorhouse records have been compiled from the reports of the Overseers of the Poor.

As a former resident of the state, I especially enjoyed the Vermont Lore section of the Web site. If you have French-Canadian ancestors who traveled though Vermont, you will especially want to read the section on "Tracing French-Canadians from Vermont Back to Quebec in the 19th Century."

The Gateway to Vermont Web site is affiliated with the VERMONT-L mailing list on RootsWeb. This mailing list is for the discussion of the Genealogy and History of Vermont. Discussion topics encouraged include migration patterns, immigration, heraldry, historical sketches, settlements, census data, wills, family Bibles, vital records, and web sites.

There is a lot more on this Web site. You can see all of it at:

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- FGS Conference in Austin

Now is the time to start planning your trip to the next major genealogy conference in the United States: the Federation of Genealogical Societies' annual conference will be held in Austin, Texas on September 8 through 11. This year's theme is "Legends Live Forever: Researching the Past for Future Generations."

The Federation of Genealogical Societies is an organization of more than 500 member societies. These societies represent over 500,000 genealogists across North America. Most of the member societies send delegates to the national conference. The public is also invited to attend.

This conference features something for everyone, including tracks that deal with society support, the Association of Professional Genealogists, LDS Family History Centers, and sessions on the basics of research. More than 160 presentations are planned, as well as a variety of lunches and a large exhibitors' hall. You can find a complete list of all the presentations at (click on "Wednesday" to see that day's presentations, click on "Thursday" for that day's presentations, and so forth).

The Keynote Address on Thursday will feature Richard "Cactus" Pryor, the "Father of Texas Broadcasting." He will perform excerpts from the one-man show he wrote on J. Frank Dobie, the great professor who wrote 30 different books on the tales of Texas cowboys. Assuming the role of J. Frank Dobie, Cactus will tell the tales of the great cattle drives, the longhorns, and the men who took 'em up the trail.

The Annual Banquet of The Federation of Genealogical Societies on Friday will feature J. Mark Lowe, CG (and a regular contributing author to this newsletter) speaking on "Don't Cross The Bridge Without a Life Preserver." Mark is a full-time professional genealogist, author, and lecturer. Currently he is the President of APG and the Director of the RIGS Alliance workshops in cooperation with the National Archives Regional System.

The 2nd Annual Ruth C. Bishop award will be presented during the banquet. This award recognizes outstanding volunteers from the genealogical community.

My favorite place at any genealogy conference is the exhibitors' hall. I expect to spend a lot of my time in the booth of the New England Historic Genealogical Society at booth locations 305, 307, 406 and 408, just inside the main entrance. A long list of other exhibitors who are planning to attend can be found at

A conference newsletter, or "ezine," is available that will keep you up to date on this year's planned activities. Instructions for subscribing to the ezine can be found at

For more information about the 2004 Federation of Genealogical Societies' annual conference in Austin, Texas, look at

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Find IGI Entries by German Town

Michelle Stone wrote this week with information about a Web site that will interest many with German-speaking ancestors. The site is mostly in German but has enough English to allow navigation for those who cannot read the language of their ancestors.

Michelle writes:

Hi friends,

I wanted to share a very interesting German index with you that is new to me:

International Genealogical Index (IGI) entries (at sorted by German Town Names (Batch Numbers):

Click on the British flag and it takes you to a version of the index with enough English to get you around. This index will link you to IGI Batch number entries by town, which is eye-opening if you are researching several families in a known German location.

Thanks Michelle. For those who are unfamiliar with the term, I will point out that "I.G.I." stands for the International Genealogical Index, an online database maintained by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Mormons). You can access that database and others at A full explanation of the IGI can be found on that page if you click on "Tips on How to Search the International Genealogical Index."

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Plantagenet Ancestry

This week I had a chance to scan through the definitive guide about descents from the Plantagenet kings of England. This book covers thousands of individuals in England and includes more than 185 of their descendants who emigrated to the North American colonies in the seventeenth century. When I say "definitive," I mean that this book is exhaustive! Merely picking up this 975-page monster is an effort.

Author Douglas Richardson combined research in original documents with the use of published literature to write Plantagenet Ancestry. He has written about both established and newly-discovered ancestral lines for virtually all American colonists who possessed royal ancestry, with many corrections to existing lines. This book covers every prominent family in medieval England.

Quoting from the publisher's Web site:

Plantagenet Ancestry treats all known descents, both legitimate and illegitimate, for seventeenth-century colonists from Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou (died 1151), founder of the Plantagenet dynasty which ruled England from 1154 to 1485. It features hundreds of biographical summaries as well as over 14,000 citations to published materials, making it the most documented source book of its kind. The format and extensive cross-referencing make the text simple to follow. Moreover, extensive lists of descendants are provided, allowing the reader to see at a glance which immigrants descend from which family. In addition, the book includes a massive 75-page bibliography -- probably the most exhaustive listing for royal and noble genealogy ever published -- a special study of "king's kinsfolk," and an index of over 10,000 entries.

Plantagenet Ancestry also features scores of remarkable discoveries that are certain to change the ancestry charts of many living Americans. New colonial immigrants are likewise included in the work, linking still more seventeenth-century immigrants to the kings of England, making it as up-to-date and comprehensive as possible.

The book features over 12,000 citations to published materials. It also contains extensive cross references. It has descendancy footnotes that allow the reader to see at a glance which immigrants descend from what family. A new bibliography and a name index are also included.

Much of this material has been published before in other volumes. However, Richardson has several newly discovered lines of descent that will be of interest to many with colonial American ancestry. One new discovery is for Margaret Mowbray, wife of Sir Reginald Lucy (died 1437), of Dallington, Northampton. Her descendants include Mayflower passenger, Captain Richard More. Other new discoveries include information about Ida de Oddingseles and also William Longespée, Earl of Salisbury and a well-known illegitimate son of King Henry II of England. The book also contains a list covering two full pages of discoveries, corrections, and additions to many other lines.

If you are wondering if the royal ancestry of your immigrant ancestor might be included in this book, check out the alphabetized list on the publisher's Web site. It includes all the names of the seventeenth-century U.S. immigrants whose Plantagenet ancestry is the subject of this book, together with several immigrants after 1701 who have been incidentally noted in the text or a footnote. The list is available at

Douglas Richardson is highly qualified to write this book. He is a professional genealogist, historian, lecturer, and author residing in Salt Lake City, Utah. He has been actively involved in genealogical research for over 40 years. He holds a B.A. degree in History from the University of California (Santa Barbara) and a M.A. degree in History from the University of Wisconsin (Madison). He has written numerous articles for all the major genealogical journals and magazines, including The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (NEHGR), The American Genealogist (TAG), New York Genealogical and Biographical Record (NYGBR), Heritage Quest Magazine, and Foundations.

Plantagenet Ancestry is destined to be one of the landmark books of modern times. No other book provides the detailed lists, the source citations, the cross-references or the indexes to rival this book. Douglas Richardson has written a scholarly genealogical reference. I suspect that it will not be equaled for a long, long time. This book belongs on the shelf of every genealogy library. I suspect many individuals who have researched their roots back to colonial immigrants will also want it in their personal libraries.

Plantagenet Ancestry is published by Genealogical Publishing Company and sells for $85.00 plus taxes (if any) and shipping. It also can be ordered from most any book store if you specify ISBN#: 0806317507. For more information, or to order this book via the publisher's safe and secure online shopping cart system, go to

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- The National Archivist

The National Archivist provides online access to a unique collection of archives from the United Kingdom. The site has extensive online databases of interest to genealogists. Some of the databases contain digital images of original registers, entry books, indexes, and publications, all reproduced under license from The National Archives and other organizations. Some of the archives are free of charge while others require a fee to view. Fees start at 20 UK pence (approx 32 US cents) to view a single document.

Here is a brief list of some of the original records that are available online:

Army List 1798
Births, Marriages and Deaths at Sea 1854 - 1890
Harts Army List 1840 and 1888
Index to Death Duty Registers 1796 - 1903
Index to Divorce and Matrimonial Causes 1858 - 1903
Indian Army & Civil Service List July 1873
Kelly's Handbook (To the Titled, Landed & Official Classes) 1901
Peninsula Medal Roll 1793 to 1814
Registers of Names of Passport Applications 1851 to 1862 and 1874 to 1903
The Bengal Civil Service Graduation List 1869
The Clergy List 1896
The Dental Surgeons Directory 1925
The East India Company's Commercial Marine Service Pensions List 1793 to July 1833
The Indian Office List 1933
Waterloo Roll Call 1815

Searching the databases is free. That will confirm that there is a document for the person, date, and place that you seek. However, to view the original documents, you must set up an account and pre-pay to obtain a certain number of credits. You can set up an account online for as little as £7.00, using a credit card. A full listing of fees may be found at

The National Archivist is owned by Trusted Third Party Limited, an independent UK registered company that provides digitized images of original records from The National Archives and other organizations under license. This website is not operated by or affiliated with The National Archives in any way.

For more information, or to search the databases of the National Archivist, go to

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

- Terrorism in U.S. Did Not Start in 2001

We often hear people exclaim that the world has changed since September 11, 2001. However, this view ignores the fact that terrorism has always been with us. Our ancestors frequently lived with terrorism as a part of their daily lives.

This was brought to mind when I recently looked at an online picture of a terrorist attack in New York City. Terrorism in New York City sounds familiar, except that the photograph was taken in 1920. Around noon on September 16, 1920, a bomb exploded outside the J.P. Morgan Building, just across from the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street. Thirty-three people in the lunch-time crowd were killed and 400 injured. The bomb had been placed on a horse-drawn cart.

An $80,000 reward was offered, but none of the culprits were ever caught. Speculation accused the anarchists who had been responsible for a number of earlier bombings in the city.

You can view the photograph at It will remind you of more recent terrorist attacks.

What Do You Think? Comments and discussion are available on this newsletter's Discussion Board at:

[Return to Table of Contents]

The PR Budget for this newsletter is $0.00. I rely upon "word of mouse" advertising in which you recommend this newsletter to your friends. This newsletter is a private project of mine, and I have a zero budget for a publicity campaign to get more readers.

In each issue, I try to offer you useful, interesting and sometimes amusing information to help you with your genealogy efforts. Can you take a minute to help me out in return? If you think this newsletter is a worthwhile read, please tell your friends. Better yet, suggest they can read the Standard Edition or subscribe to the Plus Edition at


Are you interested in the articles in this newsletter? Would you like to learn more or ask questions or make comments about these articles? Join this newsletter’s online Discussion Board at

You can also search past newsletters at:

If you would like to submit news, information or press releases for possible inclusion in future newsletters, send them to The author does reserve the right to accept or reject any articles submitted.

COPYRIGHTS and Other Legal Things:

The contents of this newsletter are copyright by Richard W. Eastman with the following exception:

Many of the articles published in these newsletters contain quotes or references from others, especially from other Web sites, software user’s manuals, press releases and other public announcements. Any words in this newsletter attributed to another person or organization remain the copyrighted materials of the original author(s).

This document is provided for informational purposes only. The information contained in this document represents the views of Richard W. Eastman with one exception: words written by other authors and republished herein are the views solely of those authors. All information provided in this document is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or implied. The reader assumes the entire risk as to the accuracy and the use of this document.

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Also, please include the following statement with any articles you re-distribute:

The following article is from Eastman’s Online Genealogy Newsletter and is copyright 2004 by Richard W. Eastman. It is re-published here with the permission of the author. Information about the newsletter is available at

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If you all of a sudden stop receiving your copy of the newsletter (and this happens more than you might think), don't just assume I skipped an issue or there's something wrong with the newsletter's distribution. I rarely skip an issue without noting that in advance. If you stop receiving the newsletter, chances are that it's not a problem with your subscription; it's a problem with your mail server or your spam filter. That is the number one cause of newsletter subscription problems.


Dick Eastman is employed by the New England Historic Genealogical Society, serving as Assistant Executive Director for Technology. He is a frequent presenter at major genealogy conferences. He has published articles in Genealogical Computing and Family Chronicle magazines and for a number of Web sites. He was an advisor to PBS' Ancestry series and appeared as a guest in one of the episodes. He is a past Director of GENTECH and of the New England Computer Genealogists. Dick is the author of YOUR ROOTS: Total Genealogy Planning On Your Computer published by Ziff-Davis Press. He can be reached at: Due to the volume of e-mail received, he is unable to answer every e-mail message received.

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