More than 6,000 pages of Grand Jury Presentments and Query Books have been digitised by Kildare County Archives. They are now online, free to download in pdf format and to explore to your heart's content.
The Grand Jury system of local government was set up in the medieval period. It was initially concerned with the administration of justice, and juries were made up of wealthy local landowners. The Courts sat just twice a year, at the spring and summer assizes. By the 18th and 19th centuries, the Grand Jury had taken on more responsibilities including the management and maintenance of hospitals, asylums, dispensaries, gaols and some other public buildings, and the provision of roads.
The books contain the names of many individuals: contractors taking on public works, medical staff and those caring for deserted children.
You can read more in the irishgenealogynews web site at: https://www.irishgenealogynews.com/2023/09/county-kildares-grand-jury-presentment.html.